This intriguing animal, the Coywolf, is going to lead us across the bridge of enlightenment to a Eureka! experience. These are the intensely rewarding scientific experiences when a theory is graphically demonstrated and seen by oneself as Fact!
Consider three universally accepted species: [Species: “A group that, in natural surroundings, breeds exclusively within the group.”] [W]
Wolves: (canis lupus),
Coyote: (canis latrans), and
Dogs: Dogs, domestic dogs (canis familiaris)
The reproduction of a progeny of each of these species has a singular biochemical set of instructions providing the “pup”, the physical characteristics of the ancestral breed.
The parents provide the instruction the formation of the new pup with hundreds of thousands of “sentences” composed of an “alphabet” of only four words, each a unique biochemical base: adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T)
The species difference is caused by the different particular ordering of the “words”: [A], [C]. [G], [T].
Almost always wolves breed with wolves yielding instruction “sentence” and “word” sequences distinct to wolves.
Dogs breed with dogs, generating instruction-sentences and words characteristic of dogs.
Coyotes breed with Coyotes, producing guidelines composed of a unique mix of the “words”: [A], [C]. [G] & [T].
From generation to generation, if, as is usual, the sentences contain the same order of [A], [C], [G], and [T] as the parent, the pups are another copy of the parents, and there is no”evolution” in this generation.
When the instruction set of sequences of [A], [C], [G] & [T] is chemically changed up, a “pup” of a new animal is the product.
The alteration of the instruction set may be caused by genetic copying errors in DNA replication or, in the case of the coywolf, inheritance from parents of different species, In either case, the new progeny must have improved survivability qualities and reproducibility enhancement to represent “evolution”.
The coywolf represents a scientifically proven evolved new animal that has occurred by “natural selection” in our lifetime. This has been confirmed by the twenty-first Century tools of science.
Wolves, dogs, and coyotes [others, of course] are built with “instruction pattern” of four unique biochemical bases: adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T)
Recently biologists have discovered millions of animal in the Northeast US, with unique physical characteristics similar to but different from, wolves, dogs or coyote. [BW] [W]
It is now practical to do genome analysis on many animals that display genome “coding” characteristic of each species.
It can now be demonstrated that there was interbreeding of these three species yielding an animal with physical characteristics distinct of a new breed that is “descended “from its ancestors “with modification”. This process was described by Charles Darwin. The process has a name: Evolution
The physical and genome (molecular biology) of the new animal, the “coywolf” is hard-science proof of evolution as well as the step-by-step analysis of the DNA steps by which it occurred.
Mendel, peas, Gregor Mendel Born Johann Mendel July 1822 Austrian Empire (now Hynčice, Czech Republic) Known for creating the science of genetics. Mendel (20 July 1822 – 6 January 1884) was a German-speaking Moravian scientist and Augustinian friar who gained posthumous fame as the founder of the modern science of genetics. Though farmers had known for centuries that crossbreeding of animals and plants could favor certain desirable traits, Mendel’s pea plant experiments conducted between 1856 and 1863 established many of the rules of heredity, now referred to as the laws of Mendelian inheritance. [W]
Friedrich Miescher, Miescher isolated various protein-rich chemicals, which he called nuclein (now nucleic acids), from the nuclei of white blood cells in 1869 in Felix Hoppe-Seyler’s laboratory at the University of Tübingen, Germany, paving the way for the identification of DNA as the carrier of inheritance. The significance of the discovery, first published in 1871, was not at first apparent, and it was Albrecht Kossel who made the initial inquiries into its chemical structure. Later, Friedrich Miescher raised the idea that the nucleic acids could be involved in heredity. Avery et al then Watson & Crick [NM]
Oswald Avery, Colin MacLeod, and Maclyn McCarty: In1944 Identification of the transforming factor. This identification departed from the prevailing belief that the protein content of chromosomes probably was the anatomical structure of genes. [NM]
James Watson, Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkins, and Rosalind Franklin. Watson and Crick’s 1953 paper in Nature indicating DNA’s molecular structure suggesting how a molecule as seemingly simple as DNA could encode the structure of proteins—for the interpretation of DNA as genes to become widely accepted. [W] (Allow me a personal note: in 1953, the “Watson & Crick” year, I became a Biology Major in College; I was 18).
The breakthroughs covered here were chosen in association with a panel of advisors [M]who provided a list of necessary technologies and the relevant papers in their fields, and also had input into the Milestone articles. The overview spans almost six decades − beginning in the 1950s with the development of electrophoresis and ending in [NM]
2006: genome-wide maps of DNA methylation were first described. This period of intense development followed the discovery of the DNA structure in 1953 and reached its apotheosis in 20001 when the initial sequence of the human genome was published. The published Timeline [NM] shows a chronology of the earliest papers for each landmark.
Among the many new tools that science has provided for the analysis of forensic evidence is the powerful and controversial analysis of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, the material that makes up the genetic code of most organisms.
DNA is accepted by The Courts of The United States as valid science and may be introduced as identification evidence.
“Among the many new tools that science has provided for the analysis of forensic evidence is the powerful and controversial analysis of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, the material that makes up the genetic code of most organisms. DNA analysis also called DNA typing or DNA profiling, examines DNA found in physical evidence such as blood, hair, and semen, and determines whether it can be matched to DNA taken from particular individuals. DNA analysis has become a common form of evidence in criminal trials. It is also used in civil litigation, particularly in cases involving the determination of paternity or identity.” [LB]
“The physical and genome (molecular biology) of the new animal, the “coywolf” is hard-science proof of evolution as well as the step-by-step analysis of the DNA steps by which occurred.
SCOTUS: The United States Supreme Court Confirms the Validity of the Science of DNA [“Supreme Court Says Police Can Take DNA Samples -Jun 04, 2013 · In a 5-to-4 ruling, the Supreme Court said DNA samples were similar to the photographs and fingerprints taken while booking criminal suspects.”]”
….game, set, match
Microevolution vs Macroevolution: My Swedish Associate, bbnewsab, has enlightened me regarding readers who will concede microevolution [for example wolf to dog] but will not admit that microevolution confirms the Darwinian concept of a “Descent with modification” from a common ancestor. The is link clearly illustrates that there is no distinction between the two phenomena! [email@example.com]
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Charles Clanton Rogers, AB, MD, FACR, emeritus professor, GWU
Please feel free to ReBlog
[Bradley White] Trent University Professor Dr. Bradley White was very recently featured in the startlingly beautiful documentary called Meet the Coywolf on PBS’s Nature.Professor White, who was at the forefront of the discovery of the coywolf, further extended his knowledge to Arthur about everything there is to know about this versatile new hybrid species, part coyote, part wolf. “It is a very exciting time to be able to observe the evolution of a species that was formed less than 100 years ago.”
[NM] Editorial, Nature, 2015 Magdalena Skipper, Chief Editor, Nature Reviews Genetics, Veronique Kiermer, Chief Editor, Nature Methods, Chris Gunter, Senior Editor, Nature © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All Rights Reserved.
[LB] What is LawBrain? It’s a living legal community-making law accessible and interactive. Click Here to get Started.»
[bbnewsab; personal communication] http://www.relativelyinteresting.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/macroevolution-explained-red-text-to-blue-text.jpg The whole text can be read here: http://www.relativelyinteresting.com/macroevolution-explained-to-creationists/