Charles Clanton Rogers

Reflections based on poetry, music, visual art, book reviews, history of science, first-person history, philosophical essays and International Blogging

BRIDGE for Logo

coywolf    The Coywolf, evolved in-your-face, not in some vague remote past millennia, but in our lifetime!

This intriguing animal, the Coywolf, is going to lead us across the bridge of enlightenment to a Eureka! experience. These are the intensely rewarding scientific experiences when a theory is graphically demonstrated and seen by oneself as Fact!

Coywolf [BW]

Consider three universally accepted species: [Species: “A group that, in natural surroundings, breeds exclusively within the group.”] [W]

Wolves: (canis lupus),

Coyote: (canis latrans), and

Dogs: Dogs, domestic dogs (canis familiaris)

The reproduction of a progeny of each of these species has a singular biochemical set of instructions providing the “pup”, the physical characteristics of the ancestral breed.

The parents provide the instruction the formation of the new pup with hundreds of thousands of “sentences” composed of an “alphabet” of only four words, each a unique biochemical base: adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T)

The species difference is caused by the different particular ordering of the “words”: [A], [C]. [G], [T].

Almost always wolves breed with wolves yielding instruction “sentence” and “word” sequences distinct to wolves.

Dogs breed with dogs, generating instruction-sentences and words characteristic of dogs.

Coyotes breed with Coyotes, producing guidelines composed of a unique mix of the “words”: [A], [C]. [G] & [T].

From generation to generation, if, as is usual, the sentences contain the same order of [A], [C], [G], and [T] as the parent, the pups are another copy of the parents, and there is no”evolution” in this generation.

When the instruction set of sequences of [A], [C], [G] & [T] is chemically changed up, a “pup” of a new animal is the product.

DNA 3      DNADNA two

The alteration of the instruction set may be caused by genetic copying errors in DNA replication or, in the case of the coywolf, inheritance from parents of different species, In either case, the new progeny must have improved survivability qualities and reproducibility enhancement to represent “evolution”.

The coywolf represents a scientifically proven evolved new animal that has occurred by “natural selection” in our lifetime. This has been confirmed by the twenty-first Century tools of science.

Wolves, dogs, and coyotes [others, of course] are built with “instruction pattern” of four unique biochemical bases: adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T)

Recently biologists have discovered millions of animal in the Northeast US, with unique physical characteristics similar to but different from, wolves, dogs or coyote. [BW] [W]

It is now practical to do genome analysis on many animals that display genome “coding” characteristic of each species.

It can now be demonstrated that there was interbreeding of these three species yielding an animal with physical characteristics distinct of a new breed that is “descended “from its ancestors “with modification”. This process was described by Charles Darwin. The process has a name: Evolution

The physical and genome (molecular biology) of the new animal, the “coywolf” is hard-science proof of evolution as well as the step-by-step analysis of the DNA steps by which it occurred.

Mendel,  peas, Gregor Mendel Born Johann Mendel  July 1822 Austrian Empire (now Hynčice, Czech Republic) Known for creating the science of genetics. Mendel (20 July 1822[1] – 6 January 1884) was a German-speaking Moravian scientist and Augustinian friar who gained posthumous fame as the founder of the modern science of genetics. Though farmers had known for centuries that crossbreeding of animals and plants could favor certain desirable traits, Mendel’s pea plant experiments conducted between 1856 and 1863 established many of the rules of heredity, now referred to as the laws of Mendelian inheritance. [W]

Friedrich Miescher, Miescher isolated various protein-rich chemicals, which he called nuclein (now nucleic acids), from the nuclei of white blood cells in 1869 in Felix Hoppe-Seyler’s laboratory at the University of Tübingen, Germany, paving the way for the identification of DNA as the carrier of inheritance. The significance of the discovery, first published in 1871, was not at first apparent, and it was Albrecht Kossel who made the initial inquiries into its chemical structure. Later, Friedrich Miescher raised the idea that the nucleic acids could be involved in heredity. Avery et al then Watson & Crick [NM]

Oswald Avery, Colin MacLeod, and Maclyn McCarty: In1944  Identification of the transforming factor.  This identification departed from the prevailing belief that the protein content of chromosomes probably was the anatomical structure of genes. [NM]

James Watson, Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkins, and Rosalind Franklin.  Watson and Crick’s 1953  paper in Nature indicating DNA’s molecular structure suggesting how a molecule as seemingly simple as DNA could encode the structure of proteins—for the interpretation of DNA as genes to become widely accepted. [W]  (Allow me a personal note: in 1953, the “Watson & Crick” year, I became a Biology Major in College; I was 18).

 

The breakthroughs covered here were chosen in association with a panel of advisors  [M]who provided a list of necessary technologies and the relevant papers in their fields, and also had input into the Milestone articles. The overview spans almost six decades − beginning in the 1950s with the development of electrophoresis and ending in [NM]

2006: genome-wide maps of DNA methylation were first described.  This period of intense development followed the discovery of the DNA structure in 1953 and reached its apotheosis in 20001 when the initial sequence of the human genome was published.  The  published Timeline [NM] shows a chronology of the earliest papers for each landmark.
Among the many new tools that science has provided for the analysis of forensic evidence is the powerful and controversial analysis of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, the material that makes up the genetic code of most organisms.

DNA is accepted by The Courts of The United States as valid science and may be introduced as identification evidence.

“Among the many new tools that science has provided for the analysis of forensic evidence is the powerful and controversial analysis of deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, the material that makes up the genetic code of most organisms. DNA analysis also called DNA typing or DNA profiling, examines DNA found in physical evidence such as blood, hair, and semen, and determines whether it can be matched to DNA taken from particular individuals. DNA analysis has become a common form of evidence in criminal trials. It is also used in civil litigation, particularly in cases involving the determination of paternity or identity.” [LB]

 “The physical and genome (molecular biology) of the new animal, the “coywolf” is hard-science proof of evolution as well as the step-by-step analysis of the DNA steps by which occurred.

SCOTUS:  The United States Supreme Court Confirms the Validity of the Science of DNA  [“Supreme Court Says Police Can Take DNA Samples -Jun 04, 2013 · In a 5-to-4 ruling, the Supreme Court said DNA samples were similar to the photographs and fingerprints taken while booking criminal suspects.”]”

….game, set, match

Microevolution vs Macroevolution: My Swedish Associate, bbnewsab, has enlightened me regarding readers who will concede microevolution [for example wolf to dog] but will not admit that microevolution confirms the Darwinian concept of a “Descent with modification” from a common ancestor. The is link clearly illustrates that there is no distinction between the two phenomena!  [bbnewsab@gmail.com]

Please log in your site and/or geography.

Charles Clanton Rogers, AB, MD, FACR, emeritus professor, GWU

Please feel free to ReBlog

 

References:

[Bradley White] Trent University Professor Dr. Bradley White was very recently featured in the startlingly beautiful documentary called Meet the Coywolf on PBS’s Nature.Professor White, who was at the forefront of the discovery of the coywolf, further extended his knowledge to Arthur about everything there is to know about this versatile new hybrid species, part coyote, part wolf. “It is a very exciting time to be able to observe the evolution of a species that was formed less than 100 years ago.”

[CW] http://www.coywolf.org

[NM] Editorial, Nature, 2015 Magdalena Skipper, Chief Editor, Nature Reviews Genetics, Veronique Kiermer, Chief Editor, Nature Methods, Chris Gunter, Senior Editor, Nature © 2015 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All Rights Reserved.

[LB] What is LawBrain? It’s a living legal community-making law accessible and interactive. Click Here to get Started.»
DNA Evidence

[bbnewsab; personal communication] http://www.relativelyinteresting.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/macroevolution-explained-red-text-to-blue-text.jpg The whole text can be read here: http://www.relativelyinteresting.com/macroevolution-explained-to-creationists/

[W] Wikipedia

10 thoughts on “My friend, I have built a bridge for you….

  1. bbnewsab says:

    And here is yet another diatribe aimed directly at Young Earth Creationists (YECs).

    Microevolution is the term that creationists use when they are finally compelled to admit that evolution has been demonstrated to occur (like changes to the color of moth wings, dog breeds etc).

    Microevolution is all about small/insignificant changes within a species. It doesn’t explain the “natural kinds” that God supposedly created during Genesis.

    Macroevolution means changes so big that completely new species will result thereby. Macroevolution takes time, more than the 6,000 – 10,000 years a YEC believes that life on Earth has existed.

    A common claim from a YEC is: “Have anyone of us living today ever watched macroevolution occurring directly in front of our faces? Hand up in the air if you have.”

    Need I say that the distinction between miroeevolution and macroevolution is a false dichotomy? It’s only a matter of quantity, not quality – as you can see in KK’s post, when the red letters after a while become more and more bluish/blue. Nobody – not even a true YEC believer – can tell when the originally “species” (let’s call it the “red-colored letter” species) turns blue (i.e. becomes a “blue letter” species with its most important quale changed as we perceive and experience it with our color-seeing human eyes).

    But the YEC lies don’t stop there.

    Another trick is to try to narrow their claim even more by inventing new definitions. In fact YECs often mean that macroevolution refers to the formation of new vertebrates at the level of genus or higher (that is, all new species we can see today, like the coywolf (cf. the mule and hinny, the liger (lion & tiger), etc) can be dismissed as microevolution.

    Also cf. all the dog breeds that domestication has produced, Chihuahuas and Great Danes differ remarkabky in size but are still considered dogs!

    In fact, many YECs believe that only vertebrates are “real” animals. Some even seem to claim that only mammals are “real” animals.

    By assuming this, it’s easier for them to disbelieve macroevolution.

    Since there are only a few thousand known vertebrate genera – and even fewer classes, orders, and families – it goes without saying that no human being living today can witness a new vertebrate (or mammal) species arise.

    Furthermore, if you, like YECs do, also dismiss the fossil record, the DNA record, the geological record, etc, then you end up with a claim that is non-falsifiable. The claim becomes unscientific (meaning not being in accordance with scientific principles or methodology).

    As a matter of fact a true YEC believer “knows” that the fossil and geological records – probably also the DNA record – have been planted by Satan to confuse us.

    So sorry to say, KK, your blog post about the coywolf won’t affect the creationist belief paradigm world view (that God is the Creator of all living) at all. I don’t see how Ben Carson would change his minds, if he – against all odds – read it.

    BTW, KK, did you read the latest bullshit coming from Ben Carson’s mouth? If not, have a look here: http://deadstate.org/ben-carsons-crazy-theory-about-the-pyramids-has-nothing-to-do-with-aliens-but-its-just-as-dumb/ ?

    Maybe Kanzi (the bonobo) is a better presidential candidate than Ben Carson? At least Kanzi seems to be less dangerous to mankind. Read more about Kanzi here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanzi .

    Like

    1. clanton1934 says:

      Thank you bbnewsab for amplification of the microevolution vs macroevolution. I do not believe there is any evaluator, free of scientific prejudice, who can fail to see the evidence and to come to any alternate conclusion. I have had acquaintances who had defensive mindsets that started with the proposition things could only be true if they were consistent with their established “convictions”. This position always reminds me of the Judges of Galileo, who would not even take one look through his telescope before convicting him! This reasoning is the scientifically absurd: “Don’t tell me the facts; my mind is made up!”This folk are not the audience to I am speaking. Actually, I’m speaking to their children.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Joan says:

    Hi! I found your site through the Mostly Blogging Meet and Greet. I enjoyed your article. I had an intro to genetics in high school biology and haven’t retained much of the knowledge, although I find evolution fascinating. Thanks for a post that stretched my brain. Also, I love your header picture! 🙂

    Liked by 2 people

    1. clanton1934 says:

      Joan, I’m so glad you liked it. 50 % of Americans deny evolution even my own cousin. I keep trying to “give them the gift of seeing the truth”. Visual art is one of my guilty pleasures! What city are you blogging from? Charles

      Liked by 2 people

      1. Joan says:

        Hi Charles, I’m from a small town in South New Jersey called Marlton. One of my blogs is called Marlton Trainer, as I am a personal trainer as well as artist. I also love science, especially the life sciences. Nice to meet you. 🙂

        Liked by 1 person

      2. clanton1934 says:

        Following, ‘Til later 😎

        Liked by 1 person

  3. John Doe says:

    I enjoyed reading about genetics and evolution. Well done

    Liked by 2 people

    1. clanton1934 says:

      Well thank you John. Some days I feel like no one in my community understands how evolution is simply a fact. I see myself kind of like a “Johhny-apple seed” trying to give young people this beautiful gift that my mentors gave me. / Charles

      Liked by 1 person

      1. John Doe says:

        Evolution is logical. Between genetic and evolution together,evolution makes a lot more sence.

        Liked by 2 people

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